Youth[ edit ] Born in and raised in Brooklyn, New YorkMaslow was the oldest of seven children and was classed as "mentally unstable" by a psychologist.
SHARE [Article updated on 17 September ] In his influential paper ofA Theory of Human Motivationthe American psychologist Abraham Maslow proposed that healthy human beings have a certain number of needs, and that these needs are arranged in a hierarchy, with some needs such as physiological and safety needs being more primitive or basic than others such as social and ego needs.
Thus, physiological needs such as eating, drinkingand sleeping are deficiency needs, as are safety needs, social needs such as friendship and sexual intimacyand ego needs such as self-esteem and recognition. Once a person has met his deficiency needs, he can turn his attention to self-actualization; however, only a small minority of people are able to self-actualize because self-actualization requires uncommon qualities such as honesty, independence, awareness, objectivity, creativityand originality.
Wikicommons Once a person has met his deficiency needs, the focus of his anxiety shifts to self-actualization and he begins—even if only at a subconscious or semiconscious level—to contemplate the context and meaning of life. He may come to fear that death in inevitable and that life is meaningless, but at the same time cling on to the cherished belief that his life is eternal or at least important.
Existential anxiety is so disturbing that most people avoid it at all costs. They construct an inauthentic but comforting reality made up of moral codes, bourgeois values, habits, customs, culture, and even— arguably— religion.
The Harvard theologian Paul Tillich and indeed Freud himself suggested that religion is nothing more than a carefully crafted coping mechanism for existential anxiety. Facing up to non-being can bring a sense of calm, freedom, even nobility and—yes—it can also bring insecurity, lonelinessresponsibility, and consequently anxiety.
But far from being pathological, this anxiety is a sign of healthstrength, and courage. According to this outlook, neurotic anxiety arises from repressed existential anxiety, which itself arises from the nature of the human condition and, more specifically, from our uniquely human capacity for self-consciousness.
Facing up to non-being enables a person to put his life into perspective, see it in its entirety, and thereby give it a sense of direction and unity. Facing up to death, accepting its inevitability, and integrating it into life not only cures one of neurosis, but also enables one to get and make the most out of life.Abraham Harold Maslow was born April 1, in Brooklyn, New York.
He was the first of seven children born to his parents, who themselves were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia. His parents, hoping for the best for their children in the new world, pushed him hard for academic success.
This book of Maslow's is way underrated! Though a child of the 60's I just discovered this book a week ago. The book touches on many important life themes. This theory – invented by Abraham Maslow in – could be useful for your everyday life.
The idea is that our needs range from the very basic, such as the things required for our survival, through to higher goals such as altruism and spirituality. Abraham Maslow, in full Abraham Harold Maslow, In his major works, Motivation and Personality () and Toward a Psychology of Being (), Maslow argued that each person has a hierarchy of needs that must be satisfied, ranging from basic physiological requirements to love, esteem, and, finally, self-actualization.
As each need is. Can you spare a few hours to eliminate fear from your life? Once you really understand the high price you pay for needlessly indulging in fear, you'll agree it's worth any amount of time to eliminate fear from your life.
I first came across Maslow's hierarchy aged 16 when studying Communication Studies in college. I really like this version. I think sometimes adults forget or do not know that children do not have that same built in ability to deal with insecurity or uncertainty.