An overview of the enlightenment era and the prominent figures in the europe

In Age of Anger, published in Indiathe U. Making startling connections and comparisons, Age of Anger is a book of immense urgency and profound argument.

An overview of the enlightenment era and the prominent figures in the europe

An overview of the enlightenment era and the prominent figures in the europe

This period saw a decline in the power of absolute monarchies, a reduction in the pre-eminence of the Church and a rise of modern political ideologies, such as liberalism, republicanism and greater independence of thought.

The Enlightenment ideas were influential forces behind the American and French revolutions. He encouraged an empirical approach both through his own example and philosophically. A key figure in the Scientific Revolution of the 17th Century.

Rene Descartes — Rene Descartes was a French philosopher and mathematician. Descartes made a significant contribution to the philosophy of rationalism. Later empiricists disagreed with Descartes methods, but his philosophy opened up many topics to greater discussion. Descartes also made significant discoveries in analytical geometry, calculus and mathematics.

Baruch Spinoza Spinoza was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher. He was an influential rationalist, who saw the underlying unity of the universe. He was critical of religious scriptures and promoted a view that the Divine was in all, and the Universe was ordered, despite its apparent contradictions.

His philosophy influenced later philosophers, writers and romantic poets, such as Shelley and Coleridge. John Locke — Locke was a leading philosopher and political theorist, who had a profound impact on liberal political thought. He is credited with ideas, such as the social contract — the idea government needs to be with the consent of the governed.

Locke also argued for liberty, religious tolerance and rights to life and property. Locke was an influential figure on those involved in the American and French revolutions, such as Jefferson, Madison and Voltaire.


Sir Isaac Newton Newton made studies in mathematics, optics, physics, and astronomy. In his Principia Mathematica, published inhe laid the foundations for classical mechanics, explaining the Law of Gravity and the Laws of Motion.

Voltaire — — French philosopher and critic. Best known for his work Candide which epitomises his satire and criticisms of social convention. Voltaire was instrumental in promoting Republican ideas due to his criticism of the absolute monarchy of France.

Renaissance is a French word meaning “rebirth.” It refers to a period in European civilization that was marked by a revival of Classical learning and wisdom after a . Important People from the Enlightenment Era. STUDY. PLAY. Rene Decartes () French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist; his belief that all things should be doubted until they could be proved by reason became one of the underpinnings of the scientific method. the absolute monarchs in 18th century Europe who ruled . The Enlightenment, known in French as the Siècle des Lumières (or Century of Lights), was a high period of intellectual proliferation in the domains of art and science. Many ideas put out by Enlightenment thinkers paved .

His ideas were influential in the French and American revolutions. He was an author, politician, diplomat, scientist and statesman. He was a key figure in the American Enlightenment, which saw major breakthroughs in science and ideas of political republicanism.

Franklin was an early supporter of colonial unity and the United States. Adam Smith was a Scottish social philosopher and pioneer of classical economics.

Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father and the principal author of The Declaration of Independence In this declaration, Jefferson laid out the fundamental principles of America, calling for equality and liberty. He also advocated ending slavery and promoting religious tolerance. Last updated 21st February Including scientists of the Enlightenment Period.

Includes military leaders, philosophers, British protagonists and ordinary people.Italy: The era of Enlightenment reform By the midth century, economic recovery, Muratori’s program of Enlightenment Catholicism, and a renewed interest in natural science, political economy, and agronomy produced the first stirrings of reform.

The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason) was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, the "Century of Philosophy".. French historians traditionally place the Enlightenment between (the year that Louis XIV died) and (the beginning of the French Revolution).

Many of the major French Enlightenment thinkers, or philosophes, were born in the years after the Glorious Revolution, so France’s Enlightenment came a bit later, in the mids. The philosophes, though varying in style and area of particular concern, generally emphasized the power of reason and sought to discover the natural laws governing .

The Enlightenment Set the Stage for New Imperialism - New imperialism was the mid nineteenth and twentieth centuries cultural equivalent to a modern day mafia, its roots entangled in the economic, cultural, and humanistic aspects of life.

In dentistry: Dentistry in 19th-century Europe.

Age of Enlightenment - Wikipedia

In English dentist Sir John Tomes led the formation of the first dental organization in England, the Odontological Society. It was through the activity of this group that the Royal Dental Hospital of London was established in The Age of Enlightenment was an 18th century cultural movement in Europe.

It was most popular in France, where its leaders included philosophers like Voltaire and Denis Diderot. Diderot helped spread the Enlightenment's ideas by writing the Encyclopédie, the first big encyclopedia that was available to everyone.

Age of Enlightenment ( – )